MINELRES: Information on the Hutsuls of Romania

minelres@lists.microlink.lv minelres@lists.microlink.lv
Tue Apr 10 17:38:03 2007

riginal sender: Ionas Aurelian Rus <rus@polisci.rutgers.edu>


Minorities in Romania

Romani (gypsy)

Romanian 20,500,000 plus 2,600,000 in Republic of Moldova
Albanian ~10,000 mainly in towns on Wallachia
Bulgarian ~10,000 mainly in Dobrogea, around Babadag
Croat ~5,000 few villages near Resita in Banat
Czech ~few 100 few mining villages in Banat from the 1820s
Gagauz  173,00 in the Republic of Moldova
German 150,000 1993 data, 1988 data 500,000, 70% emigrated to Germany
Hungarian 2,500,000
Hutsul (Ukraine) ~4,000 all Ukainian ~67,000
Polish 10,000
Romani (Gypsy) 1,000,000
Rusyn (Ukraine)  all Ukainian ~67,000
Serbo-Croat 80,000
Slovak 20,000
Turkish 150,000 mainly along Danube in south east Romania
Tartar (Turkish-Islamic) 25,000 mainly in Dobrogea

Other recognised minorities in Romanian are Italians, Czech, Jewish,
Greeks, Lipovens, Armenians, Croats, Serbs, Slavic-Macedonians.


 Eliznik2005, First issue 2002, Last updated Dec-05


Hutul of northern Moldavia
Bucovina history

Hutsul villages in Romania
First references

Migration into Moldavia

The Hutsul (Romanian - Hutul)  are mountain peoples with occupations in
cattle breeding, and shepherding, forestry, and timber, who live in the
upper reaches of the river Prut, in Pokutia (Romanian - Pocutia). The
origin of the Hutsul has been suggested to be one of the migrating
peoples - Cuman, Scythian, Celtic, Gothic, Dacian, Romanian etc.
However,  they speak a dialect of Ukrainian and are generally thought to
be Slavic, but have many Romanian influences in their language, costume
and customs, In the 9th century the political unity of the Ukraine was
formed around the Poianian tribe of the Kiev region. Most of the
original tribal names are
only left as geographical and territorial names but in the mountainous
Carpathians some diversity and traces of the old tribal characteristics
have been preserved in the Slavic peoples of the Hutsul, Lemko and Boiko
peoples. The first references to the Hutsul are in the 14th century in
current southern Ukraine. During the 15th century they colonised along
the Prut river, over the mountains and along the Tisa river into
Maramures, and along the Ceremus river towards northern Moldavia. In the
17th century they migrated across the mountains to the upper Suceava
valley. By the late 17th century there were around 40 villages and
further migration continued into the upper valleys of the Moldova and
Bistrita rivers.

Valley region Village Number of Hutsul
Suceava valley Brodina 658
  Falcau 357
  Brodina de Jos 307
  Sadau 261
  Paltin 146
  Ehriste 145
  Zalomestra 117
  Cununschi 98
  Dubiusca 62
  Noroca 35
  Ulma 370
  Lupcina 518
  Nisipitu 302
  Magura 260
  Cosileva 254
Moldova valley Bobeica
  Moldova Sulita
  Breaza se Sus
  Breaza in Cel
Moldovita valley Paltinu
Bistrita valley Iedu
  Valea Stancii
Suhai valley Ostra

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