Constitution of the Republic of Hungary
Adopted on: 20 Aug 1949
consolidated with all amendments up to and including Act LIX of 1997
(1) The Republic of Hungary recognizes inviolable and inalienable fundamental human rights. The respect and protection of these rights is a primary obligation of the State.
(2) In the Republic of Hungary regulations pertaining to fundamental rights and duties are determined by law; such law, however, may not restrict the basic meaning and contents of fundamental rights.
Any Member of Parliament may direct a question to the Ombudsman for Civil Rights and the Ombudsman for the Rights of National and Ethnic Minorities, to the President of the State Audit Office and the President of the National Bank of Hungary, to the Government or any of the Members of the Government, as well as to the General Prosecutor on matters which fall within their respective sphere of authority.
Chapter V The Parliamentary Ombudsman for Civil Rights and the Parliamentary Ombudsman for the Rights of National and Ethnic Minorities
(1) The Parliamentary Ombudsman for Civil Rights is responsible for investigating or initiating the investigation of cases involving the infringement of constitutional rights which come to his attention and initiating general or specific measures for their remedy.
(2) The Parliamentary Ombudsman for the Rights of National and Ethnic Minorities is responsible for investigating or initiating the investigation of cases involving the infringement of the rights of national or ethnic minorities which come to his attention and initiating general or specific measures for their remedy.
(3) Everyone has the right to initiate proceedings by the Parliamentary Ombudsmen in the cases specified by law.
(4) The Parliamentary Ombudsmen for Civil Rights and for the Rights of National and Ethnic Minorities shall be elected by a majority of two-thirds of the votes of the Members of Parliament, based on the recommendation made by the President of the Republic. The Parliament may also elect special Ombudsmen for the protection of individual constitutional rights.
(6) The Parliamentary Ombudsmen shall present the Parliament with an annual report on their activities.
(7) A majority of two-thirds of the votes of the Members of Parliament present is required to pass the law on Parliamentary Ombudsmen.
(1) In the Republic of Hungary everyone has the right to freedom of thought, freedom of conscience and freedom of religion.
(2) This right shall include the free choice or acceptance of a religion or belief, and the freedom to publicly or privately express or decline to express, exercise and teach such religions and beliefs by way of religious actions, rites or in any other way, either individually or in a group.
(3) The church and the State shall operate in separation in the Republic of Hungary.
(4) A majority of two-thirds of the votes of the Members of Parliament present is required to pass the law on the freedom of belief and religion.
(1) The national and ethnic minorities living in the Republic of Hungary participate in the sovereign power of the people: they represent a constituent part of the State.
(2) The Republic of Hungary shall provide for the protection of national and ethnic minorities and ensure their collective participation in public affairs, the fostering of their cultures, the use of their native languages, education in their native languages and the use of names in their native languages.
(3) The laws of the Republic of Hungary shall ensure representation for the national and ethnic minorities living within the country.
(4) National and ethnic minorities shall have the right to form local and national bodies for self-government.
(5) A majority of two-thirds of the votes of the Members of Parliament present is required to pass the law on the rights of national and ethnic minorities.
(1) All adult Hungarian citizens residing in the territory of the Republic of Hungary have the right to be elected and the right to vote in Parliamentary elections, local government elections or minority self-government elections, provided that they are present in the country on the day of the election or referendum, and furthermore to participate in national or local referenda or popular initiatives.
(2) Persons residing in the territory of the Republic of Hungary as immigrants who do not have Hungarian citizenship also have the right to vote in local government elections of representatives and the Mayor, as well as the right to participate in local referenda and popular initiatives, in accordance with the regulations of a separate law, provided that they are present in the country on the day of the election or referendum.
(3) The right to vote shall not be granted to persons who are under guardianship limiting or excluding their capacity, to persons who are subject to a final legal judgment forbidding them to participate in public affairs, nor to persons who are incarcerated on the basis of a final legal judgment or who are under compulsory institutional care on the basis of a final legal judgment rendered in criminal proceedings.
(4) All Hungarian citizens have the right to participate in public affairs, and furthermore to hold public office in accordance with their suitability, education and professional ability.
(1) The Republic of Hungary shall respect the human rights and civil rights of all persons in the country without discrimination on the basis of race, color, gender, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origins, financial situation, birth or on any other grounds whatsoever.
(2) The law shall provide for strict punishment of discrimination on the basis of Paragraph (1).
(3) The Republic of Hungary shall endeavor to implement equal rights for everyone through measures that create fair opportunities for all.
Article 70B [Work]
(1) In the Republic of Hungary everyone has the right to work and to freely choose his job and profession.
(2) Everyone has the right to equal compensation for equal work, without any discrimination whatsoever.
(3) All persons who work have the right to an income that corresponds to the amount and quality of work they carry out.
(4) Everyone has the right to leisure time, to free time and to regular paid
Source: International Constitutional Law website